On 7 July 2017, the European Commission and its Scientific Committee on Health, Environmental and Emerging Risks (SCHEER) launched a public consultation1on preliminary opinion2 on tolerable intake of aluminium with regards to adapting the migration limits for aluminium in toys under Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC. The deadline of the public consultation is 10 September 2017.
The SCHEER reviewed the currently available data on the toxicity of aluminium, taking into account the different tolerable intake levels for aluminium established by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)3 in 2008 and by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA)4 in 2011, and found both EFSA and JECFA established tolerable intake levels for aluminium are notably lower than the level that was the basis for the migration limits for aluminium in toys.
Therefore, the SCHEER provided their preliminary opinion to revise the tolerable daily intake(TDI) for aluminium in toys from 0.75 to 0.3 mg/kg bodyweight/day based on the most recent data, including the exposure to aluminium from sources other than toys. With the newly suggested TDI, the corresponding migration limits for aluminium in toys are calculated and set as follows in table 1 below.
Migration Limits for aluminium (mg/kg)
Category I Dry, brittle, powder-like or pliable toy materials