On 18 July 2016, European Commission (EC) notified World Trade Organisation (WTO) the draft Directive to adopt a lower migration limit for Bisphenol A (BPA) in toys which are intended for children under 3 years or in other toys intended to be put in the mouth. According to the notification, the amendment will be published this year and will apply in the second quarter of 2018.
The limit of BPA in toys has been introduced in July 2014. In the light of latest scientific evidence and considering the differences between toys and materials which come into contact with food, the chemical expert group supported the current specific limit for BPA in toys is too high and should be revised.
Table 1. Summary of current and proposed BPA limits in toys
Bisphenol A (BPA)
In accordance with the methods laid down in EN 71-10 and EN 71-11
Current: 0.1 mg/l Proposed: 0.04 mg/l
BPA is normally found in polycarbonate and epoxy resins. It can also be present as an additive (polymerization aid) in certain PVC materials. While the effects of BPA are still under evaluation, the migration limit laid down by this Directive should be reviewed if relevant new scientific information becomes available in the future.